A Trip to the Moon or Le Voyage dans la lune is a 1902 French movie directed by magician director Georges Méliès, loosely based on two popular Jules Verne novels and known to be the first science fiction film in cinematic history. Indeed it uses innovative animation and special effects such as the famous scene where the spaceship land in the eye of the moon.
The Birth of a Nation is an American silent film directed by D. W. Griffith which chronicles the relationship of two families during the Civil War with key historic scenes such as the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. The film was a huge commercial success, but was highly controversial due to the depiction of racism, which inspired D.W. Griffith to produce Intolerance the following year.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari directed by Robert Wiene is considered one of the greatest horror movies of the silent era as well as one of the most influential of German Expressionist. The film is also famous for being the first to introduce the twist ending in cinema.
Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, simply known as Nosferatu is a German Expressionist horror film directed by F. W. Murnau and loosely based on Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula. The film starred Max Schreck in the role of the vampire Nosferatu Count Orlok.
Nanook of the North is a 1922 silent documentary film by Robert J. Flaherty in the tradition of what would later be called salvage ethnography. The film is considered the first feature-length documentary, showing the struggles of Inuk Nanook and his family in the Canadian arctic.
The Battleship Potemkin is one of the greatest masterpieces by Russian director Sergei Eisenstein showing a dramatized version of the 1905 mutiny of the battleship Potemkin crew against their officers of the Tsarist regime. The film is known for being one of the most influential propaganda films of all time.
Metropolis is a science-fiction film following the German expressionist school, directed by Fritz Lang and set in a futuristic urban dystopia, depicting the social crisis between workers and owners. It is famous for being the most expensive silent film ever made, at a cost of about 5 million Reichsmark ($200 million when adjusted for inflation).
The 1927 Napoleon is an epic silent French film directed by Abel Gance displaying the rise of Napoleon from its school youth to the invasion of Italy. The film is often considered to be ahead of its time being one of the first to use handheld cameras and new editing methods.
Un Chien Andalou or An Andalusian Dog is a silent surrealist short film by debuting Spanish director Luis Bunuel and famous artist Salvador Dali. It is famous for being unconventional with a disjointed chronology and use of dream logic or Freudian free association in its narrative flow.
The Passion of Joan of Arc is a French silent film starring Renée Jeanne Falconetti and directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer depicting the trial, imprisonment, torture and execution of Joan of Arc. It is widely regarded as a one of cinema greatest films, celebrated for its direction and main character excellent performance.